Raj-Putra i.e. prince or literally "king's son")
are a brave and a chivalrous race who were feudal kings in ancient India
before the Mughals came. They were the first to resist the Mughal
invaders and many wars were fought between the Rajputs and the Mughals.
Though the Mughals captured the north of India they were unsuccessful in
capturing central India where they faced tough opposition from the
Rajput kings there.
Akbar wanted to control the whole of India and used a mix of tolerance,
generosity, and force to over come the Rajput kings. One of the most
gallant Rajput kings was Rana Pratap who did not want to give up his
kingdom to the Mughals.
was the Grandson of Raja Udai Singh (Udaipur is named after him), the
king of Chittod.
Rana Pratap led the Rajputs against the army of Akbar to preserve the
independence of Mewar. Rana Pratap not only had to face the mighty
Mughals but also had to fight against other Rajput kings(Raja Todar Mal
and Raja Man Singh ) who aligned with the Mughals.
In the Battle of Haldighati(1576) fought between Maharana Pratap and the
Mughals; the Rajputs were not able to overcome the combined strength of
the Mughals and the renegade Rajput princes who had played the role of
traitors. Maharana Pratap was badly hurt in the battle and was saved by
his wise horse Chetak, who took him in an unconscious state away from
the battle scene.
Rana Pratap died in 1597 when his son Amar Singh took over the kingdom.
Although Maharana Pratap was not able to thwart the Muslims
successfully, the saga of Rajput resistance to Muslim rule continued
till the 17th century when the baton of the struggle for Indian
Independence from Mughals was taken up by the upcoming power of the
Marathas, who brought about an end to Muslim domination of India.